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5.1 speakers refer to so-called home theater sets and are the backbone of the home theater system. Its objective is to transfer all the benefits of cinema to the home environment, through an immersive and realistic sound experience , which of course should be combined with a display device to match, such as a projector or a high-performance television.
The nomenclature of the sets 5.0, 5.1, 7.1, etc. It indicates the number of additional speakers and channels , marked by the subwoofer that our system will have. For example, if we are talking about 5.1 home cinema speakers, we will have a distribution of five satellite speakers and a subwoofer. We can also find systems that introduce a greater number of loudspeakers, generally placed on the ceiling and represented with a third number: 5.1.2, 7.1.2, 9.1.4, etc.
Thus, it is best to opt for configurations for home theater that, at least, have a subwoofer that allows us to obtain maximum performance at all frequencies and take advantage of each of the sound elements present in a movie.
If you are thinking of buying home cinema speakers and designing or improving your home cinema, do not miss the recommendation of our specialists in sound and image, and the extensive catalog that we put at your disposal with the leading brands in the sector.
The best 5.1 speakers are in Zococity.es. With hundreds of models available, setting up your home theater from scratch is a breeze. However, elements such as the room, the display device, the AV receiver and the type of configuration chosen will mark the sound experience.
The 5.1 setup consists of the front trio with the front and center channel speakers, a pair of surround speakers, and a subwoofer. But what role does each speaker serve in the system?
The front or front speakers of a home cinema can be column or shelf design, and are responsible for reproducing part of the sound load of a movie or content such as the soundtrack, special effects, all kinds of environmental noise, etc. .
They are considered an essential part of the team , and therefore, it is advisable to allocate a good part of the budget to them, although you will have to take into account other very important aspects such as the size of the room, the number of drivers or the rest of the speakers in the set. .
The center channel speaker is in charge of reproducing the dialogues of the film so that its reproduction is well located and intelligible to the viewer .
The keys to the center channel are several, although the most important are the location and the combination with the rest of the range of speakers that make up our 5.1 system. Thus, we have to place the speaker in the middle of the left and right channels, so that the front trio remains in a plane facing the viewer and avoid diffraction or interference in the sound.
The surround or effects speakers are in charge of recreating and reproducing the sound effects that are part of the film, such as details of the soundtracks, secondary dialogues and other ambient sounds.
The objective of the effect speakers is to achieve that extra that the home theater experience requires , and above all, to achieve a realistic sound as well as immersive. For this, aspects such as the rest of the set of speakers or their size must be taken into account so that they follow a full-range internal construction that allows them to accommodate drivers with a considerable size for a defined sound.
The mission of the subwoofer in a 5.1 home cinema is to reproduce low frequencies, which the other components of the system are not capable of reaching without distortion.
In addition, and if we talk about multichannel sound , as is the case, the SUB is responsible for storing and transmitting the so-called .1 sound or LFE channel, including the subwoofers, which are represented at frequencies below 40Hz. Thus, the subwoofer offers the definitive impact that our home cinema system needs.
If we talk about how to configure 5.1 speakers and how to place them, we must follow a basic scheme consisting of the three front speakers , the rear surrounds and the subwoofer.
The front speakers sit on the left and right sides of the screen, while the center channel sits above or below the TV or projector, just at ear level so dialogue is fully localized in a frontal plane. to the viewer. With this, it is advisable that all the speakers that make up the front trio are at the same height and distance, oriented to the listening point .
For their part, the rear speakers are located just behind the viewer with an angle between 90º and 110º, oriented towards the listening area and according to the official Dolby scheme.
Lastly, and with respect to the subwoofer, which is generally placed on the floor and although its placement is quite flexible, it is advisable to do so in a plane similar to that of the front speakers, avoiding corners and walls to avoid excessive bass and a reproduction booming sound.
Once the benefits of acquiring a home theater system have been analyzed, it is time to answer the million dollar question: what 5.1 speakers to buy?
At Zococity.es we help you choose the best speakers from brands such as Polk Audio , Monitor Audio , Dali , Focal or KEF , among others, so that your home theater experience is unique without leaving home. Ask us!